STUDENT WORK SAMPLES & STUDENT COMMENTS
STUDENT COMMENTS ON MDS 360:
INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS WITH EMPHASIS ON DIALECTOLOGY & LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
I agree with you Ms. Lora. As education majors we are taught only one way. This class is helping me relate to my students in a more positive way.
Author: Anderson, Desiree <firstname.lastname@example.org>
This is a very interesting, informative and somewhat provocative depiction of, as my father would say, "who's on what side of the railroad tracks" in America. It is a pity that we have divided ourselves in such a shameful manner. My Dad was from rural South Carolina; so far back in the country that pecans fell off the trees as regularly as the boxcars went through the middle of the town. On one side of the tracks was a society so vastly different from the culture on the other side that it is the same as comparing night and day and black and white. That the Red States have received $800 billion more in goods and services from Washington than it has paid in taxes is only to fortify the reasoning as to why they always vote conservative. There is a theory that says that it is not a good idea to "bite the hand that feeds you". That the Blue States tend to be more liberal is a testament to the notion of a historical tolerance to those not in the fiscal majority. The Red and Blue States have not socially jelled since, and maybe before, the Civil War. It would be an incalculable feat to have both sides think as one. Maybe this is what makes America rather daunting in its contemporary supremacy; that is, the thought that some many totally different types of people can live under one roof without causing it to cave in. In my lifetime, I don't expect the level of cultural education to raise the bar of cultural cross communication to a level of national acceptance of all ethnicities. It would be nearly Utopia. There would be no need for money in Utopia. Some Americans would rather die in hot pit of fire in Hell with a vault full of money than to live in a placid and peaceful world without it.
Author: Roundtree, Jr., Henry <email@example.com> Subject Re: RE: The Cultural Debate in America (Group 1)
I too am enjoying the class. Prior to enrolling, I did not realize that there is a science to language. There is so much involved. I only hope that I do not fall terribly behind becuase of my frequent tardiness.
Author: Eddie, Patreace <firstname.lastname@example.org>
As a result of taking this course my understanding of the English language has been enhanced. The class has not only helped me with my native tongue, but I can see the benefits in understanding other languages as well. I think phonectics has helped me considerably.... At least I have a better appreciatioin of phonetic spelling in the dictionary.
Author: Best, Stanley <email@example.com>
From this class I have learned that morphology is the study of the structure of words. Morphology describes the rules by which morphemes combine into words.
Author: Marshall, Juanita <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Since I've been attending this class, I have a whole new perspective on the daily use of language. I feel blessed that I am able to communicate through the use of words. It helps me to better empathize with those who must speak through sign language. I truly admire Dr. Baloubi on his expertise in Linguistics. The kindness and understanding he shares with Shaw students are greatly appreciated.
Author: Marshall, Juanita <email@example.com>
Brother Roundtree, we appreciate your very eloquent response to our piece. We are happy there is someone out there that gets it .....
You are very welcome.
I only wish I had time to write more and give details. I am enrolled in another class, so time is of the utmost essence.
Nonetheless, if you think that my response was eloquent, you need to re-read what you wrote!! What I read from you and your team was the elegant piece, not mine. In fact, I had no idea that the Bible Belt States, as I have come to know them, were so uniquely dependent on economic welfare. Just think...in the northeastern states many people in the minority were and still are dependent on public fiscal assistance to merely survive. Money is given to people in New York and Philadelphia to pay the rent, food stamps are given to provide daily sustenance, and, if you know how to work the system, one can extract a pair of free shoes. This type of subsidy is what the Bible Belt folks work so hard to stop. But, they'd never mention that their way of life is equally, if not more, publicly funded.
... You learn something everyday.
Henry Roundtree Jr
I am consistently learning something new in every class!This is one of the few classes that I have taken here atShaw that I thoroughly enjoy. I am amazed and intriguedat how much there is to know about linguistics.
Author: Rodgers, Careena <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Linguistics is important because it's the common elements of all languages. Linguists focus on describing and explaining language and are not concerned with the prescriptive rules of the language. After reading several chapters in my textbooks, I realized that anyone trained in linguistics would be able to analyze the many different languages spoken around the world. I can't say that I've always had an interest in the special nature of human communication; however, I am gaining a deeper awareness of my own linguistic skills.
Author: McQueen-Blue, Catina <email@example.com>
Linguistics - which I have recently learned in preparing for my oral presentation is the ‘missing link' for our school system. In just 8 weeks I have felt encouraged and not 'wierd'. I usually take the time to understand the phonetics of linguistics and have even begun to share these new lessons with my children to help them get better understanding from some of their English language assignments. An example would be my daughter was asking for my help while studying Greek roots (10th grade) and I was able to help her by explaining the phoneme descriptions in the dictionary we used.
Author: Deshaies, Elizabeth <firstname.lastname@example.org>
From: Williams (Allen), Betty To: Baloubi, Desire Cc: Subject: Linguistics
Sent: Wed 6/16/2004 4:39 PM
View As Web Page
Hello Dr. Baloubi,
I hope your summer is going well. I wanted to share an interesting story with you. I happen to be having lunch with a coworker and we were discussing children and why young infants would say da,da before they would say ma, ma -- lo and behold I was able to tell them of the bilabial aspects and the positioning of the tongue and lips, etc. etc.
I surprised myself.
Thank you so much for all the many challenges that you provided me and my fellow classmates and the constant push to do more and to do better.
STUDENT WORK SAMPLES
THE CULTURAL DEBATE IN THE USA
(THE DISUNITED STATES OF AMERICA)
By Stanley Best et al.
Culture in the context presented by Dr. Baloubi was profound and thought provoking in a number of ways. First, understanding the nature of culture from a diverse perspective gives us a more in-depth insight into the foundation of our society. Dr. Baloubi's lecture provided us with a key to unlock the secrets of the social universe. Secondly, the fact that our culture is influenced by the past, present, and future assures a continuous evolution of values that are infinite.
The cultural debate in America is so vast in scope and scale that it would take an entire book to do it justice. Since we do not have time to write a book, we will do our best to analyze and simplify some major cultural schisms afflicting our nation at the present time.
The coming election finds a divided nation along cultural lines. Many observers have distilled the divide down to Red States and Blue States. The South, the Great Plains, the Mountain West and Appalachia represent the Red States regionally. The Blue States constitute the Northeast Coast, the West Coast and the Great Lake States. The Red States typically are conservative (pro-war, anti-abortion, anti-gay rights and anti-affirmative action) in their politics. The economy is based on subsidized extraction industries (agriculture, oil, gas, coal, and forestry) and the majority of the nations Military installations.
From 1991 to 2001 the Red States have received $800 billion more in goods, services and cash from Washington than it paid in taxes (29%). Some of their noted proponents are Tom Delay, Mel Gibson, Bill O'Rielly, Pat Buchanan, and George Bush. In the Red States, 60% of its citizens believe the Bible is the literal word of God. The Red States have produced 25 Noble Laureates in science and economics. These states make up 35% of the population represented by 50 senators. The Blue States tend to be more liberal (anti-war, pro-choice, anti-death penalty and pro-affirmative action) in their politics. The economic base of the Blue States relies on non-subsidized manufacturing, financial services and information industries.
From 1991 to 2001 Blue States paid $1.4 trillion more in taxes (71%) than it got back in goods, services and cash. Some noted liberals are Barack Obama, Michael Moore, Al Franken, Bill Moyers, the Dixie Chicks and John Kerry. In the Blue States only 44% of its citizens believe the Bible is the literal word of God. These states have produced 235 Noble Laureates in science and economics. The Blue States make up 65% of the population with 50 senators. To answer the question who's culture is it? Group One would respond by saying it belongs to all of us since we are a multi-cultural society. Some who hail from the Red States might foster the notion of culture based on the White Supremacy Ideal.
In conclusion, cross culture communication historically has been problematic at best. To improve cross culture communication, each of us must be prepared to examine our own cultural inclinations and be prepared to accept the potential flaws of our own normative values. Finally, and most important, if we are to improve cross culture communication, we must raise the level of cultural education itself.
The Nation, October 4, 2004, Volume 279, Number 10
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LANGUAGE, CULTURE, AND LEARNING STYLES
By Danielle Joyner, Melody Harris, Andradese Rozier, and LaShonda Fullwood
What is the relationship between language, culture and learning styles? First we must define each. Culture is what a group shares through ideas, experiences and learned behaviors. Language is a way of communicating with others. Visual, auditory, tactile and kinesthetic are different learning styles. Culture affects learning styles and people in general. For example, a child born in the United States vs. another country shows differences in behavior due to the way he or she was reared. We (Americans) are taught to be more of an individual here in the United States, whereas outside the U. S. the emphasis is placed on collaboration. Since cultures affect one's language and learning style, no two people can be alike.
Language within a culture may vary from person to person [ideolect] or state to state [dialect]. Take the four of us for example, and listen to the way each of us were brought up and how we differ. Another example is a word to us in English may mean something totally different to another culture. Like the sport of football in the U.S., Spanish speaking countries call it soccer, but no matter what they call it, it is still the same sport.
No matter what, language, culture and learning styles are all linked together. In different cultures lie a language and different ways of learning. Each set of people have a unique set of experiences from their religion, history, location, background etc.
A Chapter Summary Speaking in the Key of Silence: George Fox's Cultural Contradiction
Henry Roundtree Jr.
November 24, 2004
This chapter discusses the significance of silence in the study of language in a specific society. Bauman and Sherzer's anthology also emphasizes the critical role that the Quaker minister plays in their society relative to speech, when to speak and what compels the use of speech and silence. According to the reading, Englishman George Fox's Quakers are one of a few cultures that consider speech, the mechanics of speaking, and the need for dialogue more of a liability than an asset; a bust, in many cases, not a boon. To many outside observers this may seem to be quite a strange proposition, but if one examines the reasoning for this behavior he should, at least, grasp the concept. Mr. Fox had a revelation that God had sent him to "turn people from darkness to the light that they might receive Christ Jesus". The relationship between speech and silence in the ranks of the first Quakers is a contradiction of great magnitude. There is a fundamental cynicism relating to all forms of speech. The Quakers concede that it is a tool that is essential to their existence in the context of the proliferation of their faith. The group considers silence as a tool to reach the Inner Light - a proprietary Quaker concept. Restraint of thy earthly being is required of those who are attempting to attain the Light, and the mode used by the Quakers to reach this state of containment is true "silence". Abstaining from speech in of itself does not establish true silence. They consider speech as a component of the "outward man", and not regarded with as much value as the "inward communion" with God that can only be accomplished via silence. The Quakers consider speaking as a representation of the physical rather than the spiritual being. Thus the model of Quaker silence is achieved.
However, the folks who emerge as ministers recognize that speaking can be utilized to crusade the Quaker word throughout the land. Ministers are allowed to use speech as a means to an end. Silent meetings are standard. Most ministers realize their destiny to preach at a meeting in which they have frequently attended. The Quakers message is delivered in two forms - prayers and preaching. The ministers hold public meetings for non-Quakers to bring them to the "Truth of Quakerism and thereby to the Light". During these meetings, speech is an integral part of the gathering. The ministers teach that the Inner Light is in every man. Ministers are considered on the path to good preaching if to speak is surely a "divine revelation".
The Quakers use both silence and speech to accomplish certain spiritual and physical goals. Man's need to speak coupled with a religious desire for silence is a problem for all Quakers. Highlights of the cultural features in the text, an explanation of these characteristics and the major differences between the Quaker culture and mine .